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Due to a bacterium widespread in nature, listeriosis is transmitted through food. It is benign ... except during pregnancy where it poses risks for your future baby. Here are the ways to protect yourself.
What is listeriosis?
- Listeriosis is a bacterial disease. Involved Listeria monocytogenes, a bacterium widespread in nature, present in the soil, water, vegetables, milk, fruit, cheese, excrement.
- In humans, transmission is through food.
- This is a mild illness except in pregnant women (and people whose immune system is deficient).
What are the risks ?
- Listeriosis is not dangerous for you but for your future baby. Listeria can lead to severe sepsis leading to spontaneous abortion, premature labor, and sometimes to newborn infection after birth.
- How to protect yourself? Avoiding certain foods and taking some simple precautions and hygiene measures.
What are the symptoms of listeriosis?
- The symptoms of listeriosis are not specific. Contamination with Listeria monocytogenes results in signs of rhino-pharyngitis with persistent fever. These signs are sometimes accompanied by aches, headaches, nausea, vomiting, episodes of diarrhea.
- During pregnancy, it is recommended to consult the doctor in case of nasopharyngitis or persistent fever. The diagnosis is made by blood test and, if it is positive, an antibiotic treatment will be put in place.
What prevention for listeriosis?
During pregnancy, it is essential to monitor your diet and observe certain hygiene rules.
Foods to avoid:
- Raw milk and cheese made from raw milk, as well as cheese already sold grated. For other cheeses, it is recommended to remove the crust.
- Smoked fish, raw shellfish, surimi, tarama, etc.
- Delicatessen products in jelly, rillettes, pâté, foie gras.
- Prefer pre-packaged deli meats to cut meats.
- Avoid eating raw sprouts, such as soy.